Congenital conditions of the eye area can cause more problems than simply changes in cosmetic appearance. The health and function of the eye itself may be at risk without reconstructive plastic surgery to correct the issue. There are several examples of eye conditions that could require ophthalmic reconstructive surgery of the eye area to correct.
Orbital Disease & Conditions
Orbital diseases and conditions affect the orbit, or bony eye socket, and can be present in both children and adults. These include bacterial infections and tumor growth, either of which could impact the protective physical structure surrounding the eyes. Ophthalmic reconstructive surgery serves as both treatment and reconstruction at once for many of these conditions. For example, a tumor may be removed and the orbit repaired during the same surgery appointment.
In some cases, congenital craniofacial disorders that impact the bones of the face and skull can end up affecting the orbit as well. For these patients, reconstructive eye surgery is performed along with additional treatments to resolve additional health concerns.
Other disorders and health issues can impair vision without necessarily interfering with the structure of the eye. One example of this is hemangioma, an overgrowth of blood vessels, which may occur close enough to the eye area that vision is affected. Ptosis, or droopy eyelids, can also partially block vision, sometimes simply as a natural part of the aging process. Ptosis should not be confused with “lazy eye,” which is a problem with communication between the eye and the brain rather than a physical obstruction. For ptosis and other types of physical vision impairment, ophthalmic reconstructive surgery could greatly improve the ability to see, along with enhancing the overall quality of life.