Lymphoma is a cancer that affects your body’s immune system, called your lymphatic system. The cells affected are called lymphocytes. While lymphoma can affect a number of body organs, it can often result in brain tumors. This is called primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNS).
A risk factor is anything that increases someone’s chance of developing a brain tumor. Having one or more risk factors doesn’t mean that you will develop a brain tumor, however. Knowing your risk factors, however will enable to you to make better-informed healthcare and lifestyle choices.
Your Age and Sex
Brain tumors can develop in a person regardless of their age. However, children and older adults are at a greater risk. Men are generally more likely to develop brain tumors than women, although some specific types of tumors are more prevalent in women.
Exposure to some chemicals at home or work could make the development of a brain tumor more likely. Additionally, exposure to some infections and allergens can also lead to the development of brain tumors. Infections of the Epstein-Barr virus, which causes mononucleosis, has been shown to increase the risk of PCNS lymphoma.
Your Family History
Some brain tumors may be linked to hereditary genetic conditions. Although the scientific medical community does not currently have a firm understanding of these links, research is being conducted to determine the role that genetics plays in the formation of brain tumors.
Epilepsy and Seizures
Doctors have long noticed a link between seizure activity and brain tumors. However, it is still not known if seizures increase the risk of brain tumors, if they happen due to the tumor, or if medication used to treat seizures increases a person’s risk.