Vincent was born 24 April in Pouy (modern day St. Vincent de Paul), southern France, about four miles northwest of Dax
Vincent went to Dax for about two years as a boarder with the Franciscans to study for the priesthood
Vincent pursues university degree in Toulouse, residing at the College de Foix
He was ordained to the priesthood 23 September at the age of 19 by the very aged Bishop of Perigueux, Francois de Bourdeille in the village chapel of Chateau-l’Eveque
Vincent received the diploma of Bachelor of Theology from the University
Vincent arrived in Paris and took Pierre de Berulle as spiritual director
On 2 May he took possession of the church of Clichy, located north of Paris. The parish has about 600 parishioners, mostly peasant folk
At the advice of Berulle, Vincent entered the service of the Gondi family as tutor to their children and Chaplain of the Gondi Estates
On 25 January, at the request of Madame de Gondi, Vincent preached his sermon on general confession at the church of Folleville, France. This has traditionally been regarded as the first sermon of the mission.
In the same year Vincent left the Gondi estates and traveled to Chatillon-les Dombes (eastern France), where he was named pastor 29 July. After encountering the needs of a poor sick family in August and inspiring an outpouring of generosity by parishioners, on 8 December he canonically established a group of lay women to provide organized material service to the poor: the Confraternities of Charity. The group evolved into the Ladies of Charity, an organization of lay women who offer care, concern, and relief to the poor.
At the insistance of Madame de Gondi and through the influence of Berulle, Vincent returned as chaplain to the Gondi estates in December.
In February Vincent was appointed Chaplain-General of the Galleys in Paris; he was able to stop many abuses to the galley slaves
Vincent met Louise de Marillac (Vincent 42 and Louise 32).
Vincent was named principal of the College de Bons Enfants, which later
became the first Motherhouse (maison mere) of the Community.
At the age of 44, Vincent formally founded the Congregation of the Mission 17 April with the financial help of Madame de Gondi to evangelize the rural poor. In 1632 Vincent made Saint-Lazare (“Lazarists” is a common European name for Vincentians) in Paris the community Motherhouse. This house was ransacked on 13 July 1789 by insurgents who stormed the Bastille the next day. In 1792, during the French Revolution, the buildings were confiscated; they were demolished at the beginning of the twentieth century. The present Motherhouse at 95 rue de Sevres was transferred to the Congregation by the French State in 1817 in compensation for the old Saint-Lazare.
29 November Vincent co-founded the Daughters of Charity with Louise de Marillac, to help the Ladies in their service of the sick and the poor—doing the harder work to which the Ladies of Paris were not accustomed or suited. They were given official approbation in 1655 by the Archbishop of Paris. Vincent also began his Tuesday Conferences in July of this year.
St. Vincent gave the Community (Little Company) the rule by which it was to be governed.
Vincent died in Paris 27 September at the age of 79. Louise died the
same year 15 March at the age of 69.
Pope Benedict XIII declared Vincent to be Blessed 13 August.
Pope Clement XII declared Vincent to be a Saint 16 June. Louise was declared a Saint in 1934.
Pope Leo XIII declared Vincent to be the Patron of Charitable Endeavors that emanate from him in any way whatever.